Episode 219: Dr Joe Layng Pt 3: Symbolic Aggression and the Origins of Cooperation
In Part 3 of our conversation with Dr Joe Layng he describes symbolic aggression in pigeons and the “prisoner’s dilemma” solution that leads to the development of cooperation between two birds. The social interactions were not trained by the experimenter. They emerged from the non-social components that the birds were taught. These studies have many implications for those of us who work with multiple learners.
Joe’s descriptions of these studies also gives us the basis for understanding non-linear contingency analysis.
This translates to an understanding that we are better off teaching the components that are part of complex behavior, rather than trying to teach the complex behavior directly.
Articles cited in this conversation:
THE SPONTANEOUS USE OF A TOOL BY A PIGEON
ROBERT EPSTEIN and SAMUEL D. MEDALIE
Behavior Analysis Letters, 3 (1983) 241-247
Contingency Adduction of "Symbolic Aggression" by Pigeons
Paul Thomas Andronis Northern Michigan University, T.V. Joe Layng The New School for the Learning Sciences, and Israel Goldiamond The University of Chicago
The Verbal Analysis of Behavior. 1997, 14 5-17
Spontaneous cooperation between pigeons: S o c i a l behavior selected by ontogenic consequences in the Prisoner's Dilemma
P. T. Andronis
ON PIGEONS AND PEOPLE: A PRELIMINARY LOOK AT THE COLUMBAN SIMULATION PROJECT
The Behavior Analyst 1981,4, 43-55 No. 1 (Spring)
The Role of Contingency Adduction in the Creative Act
The Psychological Record